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KEY vocab list

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    Key English Test (KET)
    Key English Test for Schools (KETfS)
    KET Vocabulary List
    © UCLES 2012
  • © UCLES 2012
    Page 2 of 29
    KET Vocabulary List
    Introduction to the KET Vocabulary List
    The KET Vocabulary List gives teachers a guide to the vocabulary needed when preparing
    students for the KET and KET for Schools examinations.
    Background to the list
    The KET Vocabulary List was originally developed by Cambridge ESOL in consultation
    with external consultants to guide item writers who produce materials for the KET
    examination. It drew on vocabulary from the Council of Europe’s Waystage (1990)
    specification and other vocabulary which corpus evidence shows is high frequency.
    The list covers vocabulary appropriate to the A2 level on the Common European
    Framework of Reference (CEFR) and includes receptive vocabulary (words that the
    candidate is expected to understand but which is not the focus of a question) and
    productive vocabulary (words that the candidate needs to know in order to answer a
    The list does not provide an exhaustive list of all words which appear on the KET and KET
    for Schools question papers and candidates should not confine their study of vocabulary to
    the list alone.
    How the list is updated
    The vocabulary of English changes over time, with words being added and other words
    falling into disuse. In order to maintain its currency, the KET Vocabulary List is updated on
    an annual basis, with the decision to add or remove words being informed by reference to
    the Cambridge Learner Corpus and English Vocabulary Profile.
    The Cambridge Learner Corpus is a collection of over 44 million words of English, based
    upon evidence of language use by learners from all over the world and from which the
    English Vocabulary Profile has developed. The English Vocabulary Profile shows the
    most common words and phrases that learners of English need to know in British or
    American English. The meaning of each word or phrase in the wordlists has been assigned
    a level between A1 and B2 on the CEFR.
    A preview version of the English Vocabulary Profile can be accessed by visiting the
    website: http://www.englishprofile.org
    Organisation of the list
    Word sets
    Some categories of words that a learner at this level might be expected to know, e.g. days
    of the week, are not included in the alphabetical list but are listed in Appendix 1. Although
    ‘grammar words’ (pronouns, modal verbs, etc.) are included, the Language Specifications
    section of the KET and KET for Schools Handbooks (available from
    www.cambridgeesol.org) should be consulted for a more complete listing.
    Example phrases and sentences showing how words might be used are given only where
    words with different meanings need to be constrained. For example, bank is followed by ‘I
    changed my money in a bank’ this shows that bank is limited to the idea of a financial
    institution: candidates are not expected to know other meanings, such as ‘a river bank’.
  • © UCLES 2012
    Page 3 of 29
    KET Vocabulary List
    Multi-word verbs
    All multi-word (or phrasal) verbs that a KET or KET for Schools candidate might be
    expected to know are included in the list. These verbs include ‘literal verbs (i.e. where the
    meaning is transparent), e.g. sit down, go out and ‘non-literal’ verbs, e.g. look after, get up.
    Topic lists
    In Appendix 2, words have been grouped together under common KET and/or KET for
    Schools themes, such as ‘Food and Drink’, ‘House and Home’ and ‘Sport’.
    Unsuitable topics
    Cambridge ESOL examinations must not contain anything that might offend or upset
    candidates, potentially affect their performance or distract them during the examination. A
    number of sensitive’ topics are considered unsuitable for use in KET and KET for Schools,
    for example war and politics, and vocabulary relating to these is not included in the KET
    Vocabulary List.
    Personal vocabulary
    The content of the KET Vocabulary List is general in nature and is unlikely to cover
    completely the productive vocabulary that may be required by candidates. Candidates
    should know the specific lexis they will need to describe themselves and their lives, for
    example hobbies, likes and dislikes.
    Abbreviations used in the KET Vocabulary List are:
    abbreviation or acronym
    modal verb
    phr v
    phrasal verb
    auxiliary verb
    Am Eng
    American English
    Br Eng
    British English
    prep phr
    prepositional phrase
    Summary of points to be noted
    The list does not include every word that may appear on a KET or KET for Schools
    The list covers receptive and productive vocabulary.
    The list is updated every year.

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KEY vocab list

VOCABULARY LIST Key English Test (KET) Key English Test for Schools (KETfS) KET Vocabulary List © UCLES 2012

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